本页使用了标题或全文手工转换

帮助:Wiki标记语言

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索

Wiki标记语言,又称Wiki语法,包含了许多参数与关键字,可将MediaWiki软件内的页面进行格式的编排。关于如何阅读这种标记语言,以及如何存储编辑,请参考Help:编辑。一般而言,这些语法可以不用重新撰写而能够复制与粘贴。Wikipedia:备忘单列出了关于本语法的相关提示。

除了Wiki标记语言外,部分HTML元素也能够进行格式编排。相关信息请参考Help:HTML

布局

章节

一份页面的章节应遵循页面的序言章节以及(在特定情形下)章节目录规范。

章节标题

=”至“======”标记为章节的标题语法,彼此具有关连性。

  • 一个单一的“=”被规定为条目的标题,不应用于条目内容。
  • 标题的样式由CSS规范并增加一个“[編輯]”链接。相关的CSS语法请参考这里
  • 四个以上的章节标题会自动生成章节目录。
  • 不得在标题语法最后使用任何语法,这将会导致章节标题格式消失,或是无法在编辑摘要中自动包含章节标题名称。

{{fake heading}}用于模板等帮助文档。

水平线

水平线代表章节层级主题的终止。请不要使用于条目内容,因为该语法仅能用于主要章节之后,而且会自动生成。

代码 效果
----


HTML等效语法:<hr />

目录表

当某个页面包含4个以上的章节标题时,将会在首段与第一个章节标题之间自动生成章节目录。章节目录可由魔术字或模板控制:

  • __FORCETOC__”将强制章节目录自动显示于正常位置,无论章节标题数量为何。
  • __TOC__”将会使章节目录从正常位置移动到魔术字插入的位置。
  • __NOTOC__”将会不显示章节目录。
  • “{{TOC limit}}”可用于控制章节目录所包含的章节层级,当某个条目的章节数量与层级太多时非常有用。
  • Category:目录模板包含特定的章节目录模板。

断行

断行或是产生新行借由在两行之间增加空白而生成,例如分开段落。

  • 在条目内容内显示一个明显的断行,请输入两次↵ Enter
  • 输入一次↵ Enter会在标记语言编辑画面中显示为断行,但输出内容中只会形成一个空格。使用清单语法时例外。
  • 粗体或斜体等标记语言会在断行处终结。
代码 效果
在此處進行一次斷行
不會影響輸出格式。

但空出一行代表新段落的開始,
或是某個清單或縮排內容的終止。

在此处进行一次断行 不会影响输出格式。

但空出一行代表新段落的开始, 或是某个清单或缩进内容的终止。

HTML等效语法:<br><br />

模板:

  • “{{break}}”可增加多个断行。
  • “{{-}}”与“{{clear}}”可增加样式方面的断行,以终止浮动元素的适用。
  • “{{plainlist}}”与“{{unbulleted list}}”两者可增加一份没有项目符号的清单。

文字缩进

文字缩进最常用于讨论页面。

代码 效果
縮排用於討論頁面的方式:
:每個半形冒號必需顯示於每行的開頭
::這將會使每行產生至少3個字元以上的縮排。
:::(只要不使用換行或斷行,
縮排仍然會存在。)
:::在任何斷行以後,仍可重複縮排。
::::可在每個回應增加一個額外的半形冒號。
:::::就像這樣.....
::::::依此類推.....
{{Outdent|::::::}}Outdent模板可以給予刻意取消縮排的一個視覺指示(此處為刻意取消6層縮排)

缩进用于讨论页面的方式:

每个半角冒号必需显示于每行的开头
这将会使每行产生至少3个字符以上的缩进。
(只要不使用换行或断行,

缩进仍然会存在。)

在任何断行以后,仍可重复缩进。
可在每个回应增加一个额外的半角冒号。
就像这样.....
依此类推.....
Outdent模板可以给予刻意取消缩进的一个视觉指示(此处为刻意取消6层缩进)

模板:{{outdent}}、{{outdent2}}

区块引言

如有需要将文字独立为区块时可以使用。就如同字面所说,这对于插入一份引言或引用文字而言非常有用。

代码 效果
<blockquote>
'''區塊引言'''標籤會在需要時兩邊同時進行縮排,不像半形冒號只針對左方進行縮排。
</blockquote>

区块引言标签会在需要时两边同时进行缩进,不像半角冒号只针对左方进行缩进。

文字置中

代码 效果
<div class="center" style="width: auto; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;">置中的文字</div>
置中的文字

{{center}}模板也能达到上述语法的效果。如果要将表格置中,请参考Help:表格#表格居中。请不要使用<center>...</center>,因为该标签已过时。

文字靠右

您可以将靠右的内容放入独立的容器中:

代码 效果
<div style="text-align: right; direction: ltr; margin-left: 1em;">靠右的文字</div>
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
靠右的文字
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

或者您可以让文字以浮动方式显现:

代码 效果
<div class="floatright">靠右的文字</div>
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
靠右的文字
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
{{stack|靠右的文字}}
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
靠右的文字
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

列表

除非有理由,否则不要在同一列表内的项目之间加入空白行,因为这将会导致MediaWiki软件判定空白行后面的项目为新列表的开头。

  • 项目1
    • 项目二
      • 项目三

有序号列表

代码 效果
# 項目1
# 項目2
# 項目3
# 項目4
## 子項目 1
### 子子項目
#### 子子子項目
## 子項目 2
# 項目5

  1. 项目1
  2. 项目2
  3. 项目3
  4. 项目4
    1. 子项目 1
      1. 子子项目
        1. 子子子项目
    2. 子项目 2
  5. 项目5

描述列表

如果需要列出术语及定义,请使用半角分号在术语之前。接者在定义前面放上半角冒号。这种格式可用于其他目的,例如车辆型号介绍等。

描述列表(前称定义列表,也就是关连列表)由组群名称与对应的值所组成。组群名称(术语)为粗体,值(定义)则进行缩进。每个组群必需包含一个以上的定义。对于单一值或第一个值,可将“:”放置于“;”所在行之后──但随后的值必需各自独立成一行。

不要将半角分号用于文字粗体化而不使用半角冒号定义一个值。这种用法将会造成HTML5无效,并会在屏幕阅读器上产生问题。

代码 效果
; 術語 : 定義1

术语
定义1
; 術語
: 定義1
: 定義2
: 定義3
: 定義4

术语
定义1
定义2
定义3
定义4

HTML等效语法:<dl> <dt>...</dt><dd>...</dd> </dl>

模板:{{defn}}

保留换行与空白

MediaWiki默认无法使用单次换行,并将以空格为开头的单行文字转换成虚线文本框。HTML则无法使用多个空白。通常诗句、歌词、格言、誓词或类似内容会需要保留这些元素。诗词扩展元素增加了类HTML的<poem>...</poem>标签来保留换行与空白特色。这对标签可以用在其他标签当中,如<blockquote>...</blockquote>;而{{poemquote}}提供较为方便的使用途径。本标签也适用CSS风格,如<poem style="margin-left: 2em;">

代码 效果
<poem>
In Xanadu did Kubla Khan
  A stately pleasure-dome decree:
Where Alph, the sacred river, ran
  Through caverns measureless to man
Down to a sunless sea.

So twice five miles of fertile ground
  With walls and towers were girdled round:
And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills,
  Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree;
And here were forests ancient as the hills,
  Enfolding sunny spots of greenery.
</poem>

In Xanadu did Kubla Khan
  A stately pleasure-dome decree:
Where Alph, the sacred river, ran
  Through caverns measureless to man
Down to a sunless sea.

So twice five miles of fertile ground
  With walls and towers were girdled round:
And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills,
  Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree;
And here were forests ancient as the hills,
  Enfolding sunny spots of greenery.

诗词以及其翻译可以用两侧对照方式呈现,其对译语言以lang="xx"标明。在最后一个两侧对照区段以后,必需使用{{Clear|left}}模板来取消"float:left;"并恢复成正常模式。请注意本方法不需要使用表格,此法将会自己生成多个翻译对照的字段。

代码

<poem lang="fr" style="float:left;">Frère Jacques, frère Jacques,
Dormez-vous? Dormez-vous?
Sonnez les matines! Sonnez les matines!
Ding, dang, dong. Ding, dang, dong.</poem>
<poem style="margin-left:2em; float:left;">賈克修士,賈克修士,
您在睡覺嗎?您在睡覺嗎?
快去敲做日課的鐘!快去敲做日課的鐘!
叮,叮,鐺。叮,叮,鐺。</poem>{{Clear|left}}

效果

Frère Jacques, frère Jacques,
Dormez-vous? Dormez-vous?
Sonnez les matines! Sonnez les matines!
Ding, dang, dong. Ding, dang, dong.

贾克修士,贾克修士,
您在睡觉吗?您在睡觉吗?
快去敲做日课的钟!快去敲做日课的钟!
叮,叮,铛。叮,叮,铛。

格式

文字格式

描述 输入内容 输出结果

斜体粗体、小型大写字体(small caps

如果要''將文字斜體化'',請在文字兩側放上2個連續的半形撇號。

兩側放上3個半形撇號將會'''使文字變粗體'''。

兩側放上5個連續半形撇號(2個撇號為斜體,3個撇號為粗體)將會形成'''''粗斜體'''''。

'''''粗體與斜體格式'''''只能在單行以內正確顯示。

如果要產生小型大寫字體({{smallcaps|small caps}}),請使用{{tl|smallcaps}}模板。

如果要将文字斜体化,请在文字两侧放上2个连续的半角撇号。

两侧放上3个半角撇号将会使文字变粗体

两侧放上5个连续半角撇号(2个撇号为斜体,3个撇号为粗体)将会形成粗斜体

粗体与斜体格式只能在单行以内正确显示。

如果要产生小型大写字体(small caps),请使用{{smallcaps}}模板。

如果要在粗体或斜体文字中还原为正常格式,请使用{{nobold}}与{{noitalic}}。

单行普通文字当中的一小句源代码

源代码会采用等宽字体显示。

<code>int m2()</code>功能很好。

int m2()功能很好。

针对源代码进行突显参数

电脑源代码具有上色文字以及更严谨的格式。举例,函数int m2()会有其自身的上色定义。

对于所有支持此功能的编程语言列表,请参考这里,其语言代码需放置在lang="????"

<syntaxhighlight lang="cpp">
#include <iostream>
int m2 (int ax, char *p_ax) {
  std::cout <<"Hello World!";
  return 0;
}</syntaxhighlight>

或是(产生效果实际上一模一样)

<source lang="cpp">
#include <iostream>
int m2 (int ax, char *p_ax) {
  std::cout <<"Hello World!";
  return 0;
}</source>
#include <iostream>
int m2 (int ax, char *p_ax) {
  std::cout <<"Hello World!";
  return 0;
}

小型字

只能在有需要時使用<small>小型字</small>標籤。

只能在有需要时使用小型字标签。

一段<small>标签的跨度

舉例,如果要符合{{le|Help:視覺檔案標記語言#圖說|Help:Visual file markup#Caption|圖像說明}}的文字大小,其「small」標籤也可以用於
<small style="font-size:87%;">縮減文字大小至原來的87%</small>

举例,如果要符合图像说明英语Help:Visual file markup#Caption的文字大小,其“small”标签也可以用于缩减文字大小至原来的87%

大型字

最好不要使用<big>大型字</big>,除非用於<small>一段<big>小型字</big>當中</small>

最好不要使用大型字,除非用于一段小型字当中

To prevent two words from becoming separated by a linewrap (e.g. Mr. Smith or 400 km/h) a non-breaking space, sometimes also called a "non-printing character", may be used between them. (For three or more words, the template {{nowrap}} is probably more suitable.)

Mr.&nbsp;Smith or 400&nbsp;km/h

Mr. Smith or 400 km/h

在文字中实现额外间距,通常最好的方法是使用{{pad}}模板。

瑪麗{{pad|4.0em}}有隻小綿羊。

玛丽 有只小绵羊。

特殊字符

Special characters can often be displayed using numeric character references or character entity references. See Character encodings in HTML for more information. For example, &Agrave; and &#xC0; both render À (A-grave). Percent-encoding can't be used, as it works only in URLs.

变音符号

Diacritic marks, using character entity references.

What you type What it looks like
&Agrave; &Aacute; &Acirc; &Atilde; &Auml; &Aring; &AElig;

&Ccedil; &Egrave; &Eacute; &Ecirc; &Euml;

&Igrave; &Iacute; &Icirc; &Iuml; &Ntilde;

&Ograve; &Oacute; &Ocirc; &Otilde; &Ouml; &Oslash; &OElig;

&Ugrave; &Uacute; &Ucirc; &Uuml; &Yuml; &szlig;

&agrave; &aacute; &acirc; &atilde; &auml; &aring; &aelig; &ccedil;

&egrave; &eacute; &ecirc; &euml;

&igrave; &iacute; &icirc; &iuml; &ntilde;

&ograve; &oacute; &ocirc; &otilde; &ouml; &oslash; &oelig;

&ugrave; &uacute; &ucirc; &uuml; &yuml;

À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ

Ç È É Ê Ë

Ì Í Î Ï Ñ

Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Ø Œ

Ù Ú Û Ü Ÿ ß

à á â ã ä å æ ç

è é ê ë

ì í î ï ñ

ò ó ô õ ö ø œ

ù ú û ü ÿ

Punctuation special characters

Using character entity references.

What you type What it looks like
&iquest; &iexcl; &sect; &para; ¿ ¡ § ¶
&dagger; &Dagger; &bull; &ndash; &mdash; † ‡ • – —
&lsaquo; &rsaquo; &laquo; &raquo; ‹ › « »
&lsquo; &rsquo; &ldquo; &rdquo; ‘ ’ “ ”
&apos; &quot; ' "

Escaping punctuation characters

The <pre>, <nowiki>, and <code> markup tags are also available, for writing "[", "{", "&", "}", "]" for example. These tags prevent these characters from being recognised as wiki markup, which is a possibility in some circumstances.

商业符号

使用下列的字符来引用商业符号。

输入内容 输出结果
&trade; &copy; &reg; ™ © ®
&cent; &euro; &yen; &pound; &curren; ¢ € ¥ £ ¤

希腊字母

使用下列的字符来引用希腊字母。

输入内容 输出结果
&alpha; &beta; &gamma; &delta; &epsilon; &zeta; α β γ δ ε ζ
&Alpha; &Beta; &Gamma; &Delta; &Epsilon; &Zeta; Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ
&eta; &theta; &iota; &kappa; &lambda; &mu; &nu; η θ ι κ λ μ ν
&Eta; &Theta; &Iota; &Kappa; &Lambda; &Mu; &Nu; Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν
&xi; &omicron; &pi; &rho; &sigma; &sigmaf; ξ ο π ρ σ ς
&Xi; &Omicron; &Pi; &Rho; &Sigma; Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ
&tau; &upsilon; &phi; &chi; &psi; &omega; τ υ φ χ ψ ω
&Tau; &Upsilon; &Phi; &Chi; &Psi; &Omega; Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω

埃及象形文字

WikiHiero是一种软件扩展组件,可以使用<hiero>标签来产生埃及象形文字的PNG图片。

举例:

代码 效果
<hiero>P2</hiero>
P2

国际象棋符号

举例,“&#9812;”将会产生♔。

上标与下标

  • 格式手册推荐使用<sub><sup>格式,例如 x<sub>1</sub>。本格式应使用于大多数情况。
  • 下表所列出的第二种上标与下标方式,不能用于绝大多数内容,这必需仰赖Unicode的支持,并非所有用户的机器能正确显示。
描述 输入内容 输出结果

上标

x<sup>1</sup> x<sup>2</sup> x<sup>3</sup> 或

x&#8304; x&sup1; x&sup2; x&sup3; x&#8308;

x&#8309; x&#8310; x&#8311; x&#8312; x&#8313;

x1 x2 x3

x⁰ x¹ x² x³ x⁴

x⁵ x⁶ x⁷ x⁸ x⁹

下标

x<sub>1</sub> x<sub>2</sub> x<sub>3</sub> 或

x&#8320; x&#8321; x&#8322; x&#8323; x&#8324;

x&#8325; x&#8326; x&#8327; x&#8328; x&#8329;

x1 x2 x3

x₀ x₁ x₂ x₃ x₄

x₅ x₆ x₇ x₈ x₉

合并使用

&epsilon;<sub>0</sub> = 8.85 &times; 10<sup>&minus;12</sup> C&sup2; / J m

1[[公頃]] = [[1 E+4 m&sup2;]]

ε0 = 8.85 × 10−12 C² / J m

1公顷 = 1 E+4 m²

私人使用区字符以及不可见字符

不可见与私人使用区字符,如有可能应尽量避免使用。如果仍然需要使用,应当使用其六进制代码值(如“&#(x)...;”)。这将会使不可见字符变为可见以利手动编辑,并且能够让AWB处理有私人使用区字符的页面。私人使用区字符还应当要加上{{PUA}}模板,以利后续追踪与维护。

数学字符与方程式

数学字符

输入内容 输出结果
&int; &sum; &prod; &radic; ∫ ∑ ∏ √
&minus; &plusmn; &infin; − ± ∞
&asymp; &prop; &equiv; &ne; ≈ ∝ ≡ ≠
&le; &ge; ≤ ≥
&times; &middot; &divide; &part; × · ÷ ∂
&prime; &Prime; ′ ″
&nabla; &permil; &deg; &there4; &alefsym; ∇ ‰ ° ∴ ℵ
&oslash; ø
&isin; &notin; &cap; &cup; ∈ ∉ ∩ ∪
&sub; &sup; &sube; &supe; ⊂ ⊃ ⊆ ⊇
&not; &and; &or; &exist; &forall; ¬ ∧ ∨ ∃ ∀
&rArr; &lArr; &dArr; &uArr; &hArr; ⇒ ⇐ ⇓ ⇑ ⇔
&rarr; &larr; &darr; &uarr; &harr; → ← ↓ ↑ ↔

数学公式

  • 方程式中的数学字母(如x)以及运算符号(如×)不应使用普通字母,如x。请参考数学公式的排版。For a comprehensive set of symbols, and comparison between <math> tags and the {{math}} template see section TeX vs HTML.
  • The <math> tag typesets using LaTeX markup, which may render as an image or as HTML, depending on environmental settings. The <math> tag is best for the complex formula on its own line in an image format. If you use this tag to put a formula in the line with text, put it in the {{nowrap}} template.
  • The {{math}} template uses HTML, and will size-match a serif font, and will also prevent line-wrap. All templates are sensitive to the = sign, so remember to replace = with {{=}} in template input, or start the input with 1=. Use wikimarkup '' and ''' inside the {{math}} template, as well as other HTML entities. The {{math}} template is best for typeset formulas in line with the text.
代码 效果
<math>2x \times 4y \div 6z + 8 - \frac {y}{z^2} = 0</math>

{{math|2''x'' &times; 4''y'' &divide; 6''z'' + 8 &minus; {{sfrac|''y''|''z''<sup>2</sup>}} {{=}} 0}}

<math>\sin 2\pi x + \ln e</math>

{{math|sin 2&pi;''x'' + ln ''e''}}


2x × 4y ÷ 6z + 8 − y/z2 = 0


sin 2πx + ln e

单一数学方程式中插入空白

  • Using &nbsp; to prevent line break is not needed; the {{math}} template will prevent line breaks anyway; you can use <br /> if you need an explicit line break inside a formula.
代码 效果
It follows that {{math|''x''<sup>2</sup> &ge; 0}} for real {{mvar|x}}.

It follows that x2 ≥ 0 for real x.

复杂方程式

  • See Help:Displaying a formula for how to use <math>.
  • A formula displayed on a line by itself should probably be indented by using the colon (:) character.
代码 效果
: <math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>

链接与网址

自由链接

In Wikipedia and some other wikis, free links are used in wikitext markup to produce internal links between pages, as opposed to the concept of CamelCase for the same purpose, which was used in the early days of Wikipedia – see CamelCase and Wikipedia.

In Wikipedia's markup language, you create free links by putting double square brackets around text designating the title of the page you want to link to. Thus, [[Texas]] will be rendered as Texas. Optionally, you can use a vertical bar (|) to customize the link title. For example, typing [[Texas|Lone Star State]] will produce Lone Star State, a link that is displayed as "Lone Star State" but in fact links to Texas.

链接至其他维基百科条目

  • 在内部运作中,每个目标页面的首字母会被自动大写,同时空格会用下划线(“_”)表示。(输入下划线和输入空格的效果完全相同,但不推荐前者的做法)
  • 因此链接“公共交通”会指向这个地址:https://wiki.kfd.me/wiki/公共交通 。
  • 红色链接表示尚未存在的页面;点击进去可以创建这个页面。
  • 指向本页的链接只会显示为加粗文本
代码 效果
倫敦有[[公共交通]]。 伦敦有公共交通
指向本页的链接[[Help:Wiki标记语言]]会显示为'''加粗文本'''。 指向本页的链接Help:Wiki标记式语言会显示为加粗文本

重命名链接

  • 用于相同目标页面但有不同显示名称的情形。
  • 目标页面文字应当放在第一个位置,显示文字则置于第二个位置(以“竖线”为界)。
代码 效果

紐約也有[[公共交通|大眾運輸]]。

纽约也有大众运输

自动重命名链接

  • Simply typing the pipe character | after a link will automatically rename the link in certain circumstances. The next time you open the edit box you will see the expanded piped link. When previewing your edits, you will not see the expanded form until you press Save and Edit again. The same applies to links to sections within the same page.
  • See Pipe trick for details.
Description What you type What it looks like

自动隐藏括弧中的文字

[[界 (生物)|]]

自动隐藏英文逗号后的文字(中文维基不常用) [[Seattle, Washington|]] Seattle

自动隐藏名字空间名称

[[Wikipedia:互助客棧|]]

互助客栈

或者同时隐藏

[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style (headings)|]]

Manual of Style

但无法隐藏章节名称链接

[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Links|]]

[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Links|]]

Blend link

  • Endings are blended into the link.
    • Exception: a trailing apostrophe (') and any characters following the apostrophe are not blended.
  • Preferred style is to use this instead of a piped link, if possible.
  • Blending can be suppressed by using the <nowiki /> tag, which may be desirable in some instances.
Description What you type What it looks like
Blending active

San Francisco also has [[public transport]]ation. Examples include [[bus]]es, [[taxicab]]s, and [[tram]]s.

San Francisco also has public transportation. Examples include buses, taxicabs, and trams.
A [[micro-]]second A micro-second

Blending suppressed

A [[micro-]]<nowiki />second.

A micro-second

Link to a section of a page

  • The part after the hash sign (#) must match a section heading on the page. Matches must be exact in terms of spelling, case, and punctuation. Links to non-existent sections are not broken; they are treated as links to the beginning of the page.
  • Include "| link title" to create a stylish (piped) link title.
  • If sections have the same title, add a number to link to any but the first. #Example section 3 goes to the third section named "Example section". You can use the pipe and retype the section title to display the text without the # symbol.
What you type What it looks like

[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Italics]] is a link to a section within another page.

Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Italics is a link to a section within another page.

[[#Links and URLs]] is a link to another section on the current page. [[#Links and URLs|Links and URLs]] is a link to the same section without showing the # symbol.

#Links and URLs is a link to another section on the current page. Links and URLs is a link to the same section without showing the # symbol.

[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Italics|Italics]] is a piped link to a section within another page.

Italics is a piped link to a section within another page.

Create a page link

  • To create a new page:
    1. Create a link to it on some other (related) page.
    2. Save that page.
    3. Click on the link you just made. The new page will open for editing.
  • For more information, see starting an article and check out Wikipedia's naming conventions.
  • Please do not create a new article without linking to it from at least one other article.
Description What you type What it looks like

Links to pages that don’t exist yet look red.

The article about [[cardboard sandwiches]] doesn't exist yet.

The article about cardboard sandwiches doesn't exist yet.

重定向

  • Redirect one article title to another by placing a directive like the one shown to the right on the first line of the article (such as at a page titled "USA").
  • It is possible to redirect to a section. For example, a redirect to United States#History will redirect to the History section of the United States page, if it exists.
Description What you type

Redirect to an article

#REDIRECT [[United States]]

Redirect to a section

#REDIRECT [[United States#History]]

链接至其他名字空间

  • The full page name should be included in double square brackets.
What you type What it looks like

See the [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style]].

See the Wikipedia:Manual of Style.

链接至同一条目的不同语言版本(跨语言链接)

  • 如果要产生至其他语言的对应页面的链接,请使用这个格式:[[語言代碼:外語頁面名稱]]
  • 建议跨语言链接放在页面内容的最后。
  • 跨语言链接不会在内容文本中出现,而是出现在左侧“其他语言”区块底下。
描述 输入内容

在英语条目“Plankton”创建西班牙语条目“Plancton”的链接。

“es”是西班牙语的语言代码,对应于“español”。

[[es:Plancton]]

其他例子:法语(fr对应于français)、德语(de对应于Deutsch)、俄语(ru)与简单英语(simple)。

[[fr:Plancton]]
[[de:Plankton]]
[[ru:Планктон]]
[[simple:Plankton]]

跨Wiki链接

  • 跨Wiki链接可链接至其他Wiki网站的任何页面。维基项目间链接可链接至其他维基媒体的Wiki网站。
  • 请注意跨Wiki链接需使用内部链接,也就是两侧放入半角方括号。
  • 请参考跨Wiki地图中所列出的快捷方式;如果您想要链接的网站不在该列表中,请使用外部链接
  • 也请参考姊妹项目
描述 输入内容 输出结果

链接至另一个英语Wiki网站的页面。

下列三种格式将会直接导向http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/hello网址。

简单通道

去除前缀字符

将链接命名

[[Wiktionary:hello]]

[[Wiktionary:hello|]]

[[Wiktionary:hello|Hello在英語維基辭典的定義]]

Wiktionary:hello

hello

Hello在英语维基辞典的定义

链接至其他语言Wiki网站中的页面。

下列三种格式将会直接导向http://fr.wiktionary.org/wiki/bonjour网址。

简单通道

去除前缀字符

将链接命名

[[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour]]

[[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|]]

[[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|bonjour]]

Wiktionary:fr:bonjour

fr:bonjour

bonjour

分类

  • To put an article in a category, place a link like [[Category:Example]] into the article. As with interlanguage links, placing these links at the end of the article is recommended.
  • To link to a category page without putting the article into the category, use a colon prefix (":Category") in the link.
Description What you type What it looks like

Categorize an article.

[[Category:Character sets]]

Link to a category.

[[:Category:Character sets]]

Category:Character sets

Without prefix.

[[:Category:Character sets|]]

Character sets

外部链接

  • Single square brackets indicate an external link. Note the use of a space (not a pipe |) to separate the URL from the link text in a named link. Square brackets may be used as normal punctuation when not linking to anything – [like this].
  • A URL must begin with a supported URI scheme: http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; irc://, ircs://, ftp://, news://, mailto:, and gopher:// will require a plugin or an external application. IPv6 addresses in URLs are currently not supported.
  • A URL containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are percent encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. Encoding can be achieved by:
  • Use the link button Vector toolbar insert link button.png on the enhanced editing toolbar to encode the link; this tool will add the bracket markup and the linked text, which may not always be desirable.
  • Or manually encode the URL by replacing these characters:
space " ' , ; < > ? [ ]
%20 %22 %27 %2c %3b %3c %3e %3f %5b %5d
  • Or use the {{urlencode:}} magic word. See Help:Magic words in the MediaWiki documentation for more details.
Description What you type What it looks like

Named link with an external link icon

[http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia]

Wikipedia

Unnamed link

(Used only within article body for footnotes)

[http://www.wikipedia.org]

[1]

Bare URL

(Bad style)

use <nowiki></nowiki> to keep this bad style from showing

http://www.wikipedia.org

http://www.wikipedia.org

Link without arrow

(Not often used)

<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia]</span>

Wikipedia

自动化链接

Magic links are automatic links for certain unique identifiers that require no markup. They can be used for ISBN numbers, RFC numbers, and PMID numbers.

书籍来源

  • Link to books using their ISBN, which creates a link to Special:BookSources. This is preferred to linking to a specific online bookstore, because it gives the reader a choice of vendors. However, if one bookstore or online service provides additional free information, such as table of contents or excerpts from the text, then a link to that source will aid the user and is recommended. ISBN links do not need any extra markup, provided you use one of the indicated formats.
  • To create a link to Special:BookSources using alternative text (e.g. the book's title), use the internal link style with the appropriate namespace.
What you type What it looks like

{{ISBN|022628705X}}

ISBN 022628705X

{{ISBN|0-22-628705-X}}

ISBN 0-22-628705-X

Link to a book using [[Special:BookSources/0670037818|alternative text, such as its title]]

Link to a book using alternative text, such as its title

RFC号码

What you type What it looks like

Text mentioning an RFC number anywhere, e.g. RFC 4321.

Text mentioning an RFC number anywhere, e.g. RFC 4321.

杂项

“截至”模板

  • The As of template generates phrases like "As of April 2009" or "as of April 2009", and categorize information that will need updating. For an explanation of the parameters see the {{As of}} documentation.
What you type What it looks like

{{As of|2009|4|df=us}}

截至2009年4月 (2009-04)

{{As of|2009|4|df=us|lc=y}}

截至2009年4月 (2009-04)

多媒体链接

  • To include links to non image uploads such as sounds, use a "media" link. For images, see next section.
  • Some uploaded sounds are listed at Commons:Sound.
What you type What it looks like

[[media:Classical guitar scale.ogg|Sound]]

Sound

直接链接至编辑模式

  • These create links that directly go to the edit or view source tab. For example, to create links to the edit tab for this page, either of the following works:
Description What you type What it looks like

Using the {{fullurl}} template

[{{fullurl:Help:Wiki markup|action=edit}} edit]

edit

Using the {{Edit}} template

{{edit}}

部分文字斜体化的链接

  • Linking to a page with a title containing words that are usually italicized, such as the Hindenburg disaster article.
What you type What it looks like

[[Hindenburg disaster|''Hindenburg'' disaster]]

Hindenburg disaster

音标注记

很多时候我们需要给单词标注发音。这种情况下,Template:IPAc-enTemplate:Respell这两个模板会很有用。

代码 效果

'''Konjac''' {{IPAc-en|lang|pron|ˈ|k|oʊ|n|j|æ|k}}

Konjac 英语 发音: /ˈknjæk/

'''Konjac''' ({{IPAc-en|lang|pron|ˈ|k|oʊ|n|j|æ|k}} {{respell|KOHN|yak}})

Konjac (英语 发音: /ˈknjæk/ KOHN-yak)

''Konjac'' is pronounced {{IPAc-en|ˈ|k|oʊ|n|j|æ|k}} in English.

Konjac is pronounced /ˈknjæk/ in English.

关于更详细的要求,请参阅Wikipedia:格式手册/音标

音乐符号

音乐符号可以使用<score>……</score>扩展标签予以增加。举例:

代码 效果
<score>\relative c' { fis d fis a d f e d c cis d e a g f ees }</score>
\relative c' { fis d fis a d f e d c cis d e a g f ees }

图像

只有上传至维基百科或维基共享资源的图像才能够使用。如果要上传图像,自行拍摄的图像请使用维基共享资源的上传向导;如果要上传的图像有任何著作权问题,请使用上传向导。您可以在图像列表当中找到已经上传的图像。

有关维基百科内的图像方针,请见文件使用守则

For further help on images, including some more versatile abilities, see the picture tutorial and extended image syntax.

代码 效果 注解
The image name, the word thumb then the caption : 
[[File:wiki.png|thumb|Wikipedia logo]]
The image name, the word thumb then the caption :
Puzzle globe
Wikipedia logo
  • The thumb tag automatically allows the image to be enlarged and positions it (floats) automatically to the right of the page.
  • An enlarge icon is placed in the lower right corner.
  • See note below about adding an alt tag
  • This is the basic markup for most images


A picture: [[File:wiki.png]]
A picture: Wiki.png
  • The picture name alone places the image in the text, or on the next line if there is insufficient space.
  • Embedding the image in the text is only possible for very small images.
  • Embedding the image will affect the vertical formatting of text.
With alternative text: 
[[File:wiki.png|alt=Puzzle globe logo]]
With alternative text:

Puzzle globe logo

  • Alternative text, used when the image is unavailable or when the image is loaded in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud, is strongly encouraged. See Alternative text for images for help on choosing it.
With link: 
[[File:wiki.png|link=Wikipedia]]
With link: Wiki.png
  • The link directs to the Wikipedia page, Wikipedia, instead of the image file page.
Forced to the centre of the page
using the ''frame'' tag (attribute), a ''centre'' tag and a caption: 
[[File:wiki.png|frame|centre|alt=Puzzle globe|Wikipedia logo]]
Forced to the centre of the page using the frame tag (attribute), a centre tag and a caption:
Puzzle globe
Wikipedia logo
  • The frame tag automatically floats the image right.
  • The frame tag is only of use with very small images or ones using the px tag
  • The attributes left, center or centre override this, and places the image to the left or the centre of the page.
  • The last parameter is the caption that appears below the image.
Forced to the left side of the page
using the ''thumb'' attribute, the ''left'' attribute  and a caption: 
[[File:wiki.png|thumb|left|alt=Puzzle globe|Wikipedia logo]]
Forced to the left side of the page using the thumb attribute, the left attribute and a caption:
Puzzle globe
Wikipedia logo
  • The thumb tag automatically floats the image right.
  • An enlarge icon is placed in the lower right corner.
  • The attributes left, center or centre override this, and places the image to the left or the centre of the page.
Forced to the right side of the page
''without'' a caption: 
[[File:wiki.png|right|Wikipedia encyclopedia]]
Forced to the right side of the page without a caption:
Wikipedia encyclopedia
  • Captions are only displayed when the thumb or frame attributes are present
  • The picture tutorial explains more options.
A picture resized to 50 pixels... 
[[File:wiki.png|50 px|Wikipedia encyclopedia]]
A picture resized to 50 pixels...

Wikipedia encyclopedia

  • The picture tutorial explains more options.
  • This should be used very sparingly, thumb images are always of the same width.
  • There is an upright attribute that can be used to display tall images. These tags are optimised for both laptop and mobile phone screens.
Linking directly to the description page of an image: 
[[:File:wiki.png]]
Linking directly to the description page of an image:

File:wiki.png

  • Clicking on an image displayed normally on a page also leads to the description page.
Linking directly to an image without displaying it: 
[[Media:wiki.png|Image of jigsaw globe]]
Linking directly to an image without displaying it:

Image of jigsaw globe

  • To include links to images shown as links instead of drawn on the page, use a "media" link.
Example: 
<div style="display: inline; width: 220px; float: right;">
[[File:wiki.png|50 px|Wikipedia encyclopedia]][[File:wiki.png|50 px]] </div>

Example:

Wikipedia encyclopediaWiki.png
  • Using the span or div elements to separate images from text (note that this may allow images to cover text).
Example:

{| align=right
|-
|
[[File:wiki.png|50 px]]
|-
|
[[File:wiki.png|50 px]]
|-
|
[[File:wiki.png|50 px]]
|}

Example:

Wiki.png

Wiki.png

Wiki.png

  • Using wiki markup to make a table in which to place a vertical column of images (this helps edit links match headers, especially in Firefox browsers).

表格

创建表格有两种方式:

  • 使用特殊的Wiki标记语言(参见Help:表格)。
  • 使用HTML元素:<table><tr><td><th>

请参考表格的适用时机

分栏显示

使用模板{{colbegin}}和{{colend}}将内容分栏显示。

References and citing sources

Making a reference citing a printed or online source can be accomplished by using the <ref>...</ref> tags. Inside these tags details about the reference are added.

Details about the citation can be provided using a structure provided by various templates; the table below lists some typical citation components.

What it's for What you type
To create the reference <ref name="name for reference">Use a closing tag</ref>
To cite a book {{cite book}}
To cite a web source {{cite web}}
Book ISBN |isbn=0-4397-0818-4 (ISBN of the book)
Web URL |url=http://www.wikipedia.org
Title |title=title of source
Author |author=authors, use commas for multiple
First name |first=first name
Last name |last=last name
Location |location=location of publisher
Publisher |publisher=who published the source
Date |date=2007-09-21 (date of source)
Year |year=year of source
Accessed date |accessdate=2008-12-25 (only if url= is included)
A complete reference tag <ref name="WikiMarkup">{{cite web |url=http://wiki.kfd.me/_en/w/index.php?title=Help:Wiki_markup |title=Help:Wiki markup |publisher=Wikimedia Foundation}}</ref>
Referencing this again <ref name="WikiMarkup" />
Citation needed {{Citation needed|{{subst:DATE}}}}

模板与包含嵌入页面

模板举例:{{pad|...}}, {{math|...}}, {{as of|...}}, {{edit}}

Templates are segments of wiki markup that are meant to be copied automatically ("transcluded") into a page. You add them by putting the template's name in {{double braces}}. It is also possible to transclude other pages by using {{:colon and double braces}}.

There are three pairs of tags that can be used in wikitext to control how transclusion affects parts of a template or article. They determine whether or not wikitext renders, either in its own article, which we will call "here", or in another article where it is transcluded, which we will call "there".

  • <noinclude>: the content will not be rendered there. These tags have no effect here.
  • <includeonly>: the content will render only there, and will not render here (like invisible ink made visible by means of transclusion).
  • <onlyinclude>: the content will render here and will render there, but it will only render there what is between these tags.

There can be several such section "elements". Also, they can be nested. All possible renderings are achievable. For example, to render there one or more sections of the page here use <onlyinclude> tags. To append text there, wrap the addition in <includeonly> tags before, within, or after the section. To omit portions of the section, nest <noinclude> tags within it.

If a page is transcluded without transclusion markup, it may cause an unintentional categorization. Any page transcluding it will contain the same category as the original page. Wrap the category markup with <noinclude> tags to prevent incorrect categorization. Some templates take parameters, as well, which you separate with the pipe character |.

What you type What it looks like
{{Transclusion demo}}

Template:Transclusion demo

{{Help:Transclusion demo}}

Help:Transclusion demo

This template takes two parameters,
and creates underlined text with a
hover box for many modern browsers
supporting CSS:

{{SetTitle|This is the hover text|
Hover your mouse over this text}}

Go to this page to see the H:title
template itself: {{tl|H:title}}

This template takes two parameters, and creates underlined text with a hover box for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

Hover your mouse over this text

Go to this page to see the H:title template itself: {{H:title}}

讨论页与项目页面

These are likely to be helpful on talk and project pages.

签名

  • The tilde character (~) is used when signing a comment on a talk page. Your username provides a link to your user page.
Description What you type What it looks like

You should sign your comments by appending four tildes to the comment, which adds your user name plus date/time.

~~~~

Username (talk) 22:31, 27 9月 2021 (UTC)

Adding three tildes will add just your user name.

~~~

Username (talk)

Adding five tildes gives the date/time alone.

~~~~~

22:31, 27 9月 2021 (UTC)

链接至某个页面的旧有修订版本、修订差异以及特定历史页面

  • The external link function is mainly used for these. Open an old revision or diff, and copy the URL from the address bar, pasting it where you want it.
代码 效果

[//wiki.kfd.me/w/index.php?title=Help:Wiki_markup&diff=330350877&oldid=330349143 Diff between revisions 330349143 and 330350877]

Diff between revisions 330349143 and 330350877

代码 效果

[[Special:Diff/330349143/330350877|修訂版本330349143與330350877之間的差異]]

修订版本330349143与330350877之间的差异

  • If the diff intended to be shown is between an immediately previous revision, the first parameter can be dropped.
代码 效果

[[Special:Diff/330350877|Diff between revisions 330349143 and 330350877]]

Diff between revisions 330349143 and 330350877

  • For an old revision, you can also use a permalink. Though here only the main text is guaranteed to be retained (images and templates will be shown as they are today, not as they were at the time).
代码 效果

[[Special:Permalink/330350877|Revision 330350877]]

Revision 330350877

What links here, and recent changes linked

  • The following markup can be used. For example, for the article Beetroot:
What you type What it looks like

[[Special:WhatLinksHere/Beetroot]]

Special:WhatLinksHere/Beetroot

[[Special:RecentChangesLinked/Beetroot]]

Special:RecentChangesLinked/Beetroot

用户编辑

Description What you type What it looks like
Username (registered users). [[Special:Contributions/UserName]] Special:Contributions/UserName
IPv4 address (unregistered users). [[Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0]] Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0
IPv6 address (unregistered users). [[Special:Contributions/2001:0db8:0000:0000:0000:ff00:0042:8329]] Special:Contributions/2001:0db8:0000:0000:0000:ff00:0042:8329

将文字上色或高亮化

代码 效果

我將會在這個句子{{color|blue|中間}}改變顏色。

我将会在这个句子中间改变颜色。

這是如何{{Font color||yellow|高亮某個句子一部份}}的方法。

这是如何高亮某个句子一部分的方法。

示例文字

The {{xt}} family of templates can be used on help pages and user pages to highlight example text.

Template:!bxt

What you type What you get
This is an {{xt|A correct example}} for comparison {{tick}} This is an A correct example for comparison ✓
this is an {{!xt|An incorrect example}} for example {{cross}} this is an An incorrect example for example ☒N
this is an {{mxt|In monospace}} for comparison this is an Template:Mxt for comparison
this is an {{!mxt|In monospace}} for comparison this is an Template:!mxt for comparison
this is an {{bxt|in bold}} for comparison this is an Template:Bxt for comparison
this is an {{!bxt|In bold}} for comparison this is an Template:!bxt for comparison

Show deleted or inserted text

  • When editing your own previous remarks in talk pages, it is sometimes appropriate to mark up deleted or inserted content:
    • It is best to indicate deleted content using the strike-through markup <s>...</s>.
    • It is best to indicate inserted content using the underline markup <u>...</u>.
  • When editing regular Wikipedia articles, just make your changes, and do not mark them up in any special way. However, when the article itself discusses deleted or inserted content, such as an amendment to a statute:
    • It is best to indicate deleted content using the strike-through markup <del>...</del>.
    • It is best to indicate inserted content using the underline markup <ins>...</ins>.

Note: <s></s> and <u></u> (speced in HTML 3 & 4) are considerably more popular than <del></del> and <ins></ins> (speced in HTML 5) on Wikipedia.

What you type What it looks like

You can <del>strike out deleted material</del> and <ins>underline new material</ins>.

You can strike out deleted material and underline new material.

Alternative markup:

You can <s>strike out deleted material</s> and <u>underline new material</u>.


You can strike out deleted material and underline new material.

Strike through

This is also possible with the {{strike}}} template.

What you type What you get
This is {{strike|A misplaced bit of text}} for comparison This is A misplaced bit of text for comparison

Limiting formatting / escaping wiki markup

A few different kinds of formatting will tell the wiki to display things as you typed them – what you see is what you get!

What you type What it looks like
'''&lt;nowiki&gt; tag:'''

<nowiki>
The nowiki tag ignores [[wiki]]
''markup''. It reformats text by
removing newlines and multiple
spaces. It still interprets
characters specified by
&name;: &rarr;
</nowiki>

<nowiki> tag:

The nowiki tag ignores [[wiki]] ''markup''. It reformats text by removing newlines and multiple spaces. It still interprets characters specified by &name;: →

'''&lt;pre&gt; tag:'''

<pre>The <pre> tag ignores [[wiki]]
''markup'' as does the <nowiki>
tag. Additionally, <pre> displays
in a mono-spaced font, and does
not  reformat    text    spaces.
It still interprets special
characters: &rarr;
</pre>

<pre> tag:

The <pre> tag ignores [[wiki]]
''markup'' as does the <nowiki>
tag. Additionally, <pre> displays
in a mono-spaced font, and does
not  reformat    text    spaces.
It still interprets special
characters: →
'''[Text without a URL]:'''

Single square brackets holding
[text without a HTTP URL] are
preserved, but single square
brackets containing a URL are
treated as being an external
[http://example.com/ Web link].

[Text without a URL]:

Single square brackets holding [text without a HTTP URL] are preserved, but single square brackets containing a URL are treated as being an external Web link.

'''Leading space:'''

Leading spaces are another way
to preserve formatting.
 Putting a space at the
 beginning of each line
 stops the text   from
 being reformatted.
 It still interprets [[wiki]]
 ''markup'' and special characters: &amp;rarr;

Leading space:

Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the
beginning of each line
stops the text   from
being reformatted.
It still interprets wiki
markup and special characters: →

无Wiki模式

In order for the software to interpret wiki markup, its parser first scans the page. When it sees its nowiki tags

<nowiki>...</nowiki> (escapes all contained wiki markup), and
<nowiki /> (escapes the interpretations it is designed to "break"),

it escapes its wikicode, so editors can document its markup using its markup.

Article editors can normalize the font of characters trailing [[...]]outside a wikilink, which would otherwise adhere to the wikilink font. They can also add line-spacing in the wikitext. Template editors: tag <nowiki> works only on its source page, not the target; also {{#tag:nowiki | content}}, although it wraps that content in nowiki tags, it also does a pre-save transform on that content, which is entirely at odds with the intended purpose of nowiki for templates, subst, signatures, and the pipe-trick.

The two kinds of nowiki operate in different ways to target content, but they both remove meaning (subtract rendering) of wiki markup, then disappear into the background font. Nowiki does nothing toward rendering, but it can add newlines to wikitext (for readability), just like the HTML comment (the preferred method) can. Unlike it does for wiki markup, nowiki does not remove the meaning of character entities, either HTML or MediaWiki special characters.

There is only one meaning for what <nowiki>...</nowiki> contains, so it needs few examples; but the singular <nowiki /> tag "contains" many linkage structures, where it is expected between bracketing-pair characters or in the keyword area. So this section has many examples and few mis-examples.

For example, only at the beginning of a line (bol of wikitext, bol in a transclusion, or beginning of a table cell), do *, #, ; or : mean something.

代码 效果
# Ordered list

  1. Ordered list
<nowiki /># Ordered list

# Ordered list

A [[micro-]]second.

A micro-second.

A [[micro-]]<nowiki />second.

A micro-second.

a<nowiki>

b</nowiki>

a b

'<nowiki />'Italics' markup'<nowiki />'

''Italics' markup''

<nowiki>[[Example]]</nowiki>

[[Example]]

<nowiki><!-- revealed --></nowiki>

<!-- revealed -->

The rest of the section consists of simple, live examples showing how a single nowiki tag escapes entire linkage structures, beyond [[ wikilink ]] and {{ template }}:

[[ fullpagename | label ]]
{{ pagename | parameter }}
[[fullpagename | {{ pagename }} ]]
{{ pagename | [[ fullpagename ]] }}
{{ pagename | {{ pagename }} }}

Unless you use the two "balanced" nowiki tags, troubleshooting strip marker errors and template parameter-handling inconsistencies is a risk. Also, a rendering error may arise when two [[...]] square brackets are on the same line, or two {{...}} curly brackets are in the same section, but only when the two have the nowiki markup placed inconsistently.

Displaying wikilinks

(These are all live examples.)

[[ wp:pagename | page name ]]
[<nowiki />[ wp:pagename | page name ]]
[[<nowiki /> wp:pagename | page name ]]
[[ wp:pagename <nowiki />| page name ]]
[[ wp:pagename | page name ]<nowiki />]

page name
[[ wp:pagename | page name ]]
[[ wp:pagename | page name ]]
[[ wp:pagename | page name ]]
[[wp:pagename | page name ]]

For nested structures, escaping an inner structure escapes its outer structure too.

[[ wp: {{ 1x | pagename }} ]]
[[ wp: {<nowiki />{ 1x | pagename }} ]]
[[ wp: {{<nowiki /> 1x | pagename }} ]]
[[ wp: {{ 1x <nowiki />| pagename }} ]]

wp: pagename
[[ wp: {{ 1x | pagename }} ]]
[[ wp: {{ 1x | pagename }} ]]
[[ wp: {{ 1x | pagename }} ]]

For two, first pipes, two nowiki tags are required:

[[ wp: pagename | {{ 1x | label }} ]]
[[ wp: pagename <nowiki />| {{ 1x <nowiki />| label }} ]]
<nowiki>[[ wp: pagename | {{ 1x | label }} ]] </nowiki>

label
[[ wp: pagename | {{ 1x | label }} ]]
[[ wp: pagename | {{ 1x | label }} ]]

Displaying template calls

For templates, put nowiki before the first pipe. If a parameter has a wikilink, put it in that, an inmost position.

{<nowiki />{ val | u=&gt; [[ms]] | 49082 }}
{{<nowiki /> val | u=&gt; [[ms]] | 49082 }}
{{ val <nowiki />| u=&gt; [[ms]] | 49082 }}
{{ val | u= > [[ms]] | 49082 }<nowiki />}
{{ val | u= > [[ ms ]<nowiki />] | 49082 }} 

{{ val | u=> ms | 49082 }}
{{ val | u= > ms | 49082 }}
{{ val | u=> ms | 49082 }}
{{ val | u=> ms | 49082 }}
{{ val | u= > [[ ms ]] | 49082 }}

显示魔术字

For input parameters, {{{1}}}, {{{2}}}, just write them out, unless they have a default (which goes behind their pipe): {{<nowiki />{1|default}}} → {{{1|default}}}

For a parser function nowiki goes between bracketing-pair characters, or anywhere before the : colon.

{{ #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}
{<nowiki />{ #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}
{{<nowiki /> #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}
{{ #ifeq<nowiki />: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}
{{ #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }<nowiki />}

outYes
{{ #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}
{{ #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}
{{ #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}
{{ #ifeq: inYes | inYes | outYes | outNo }}

Behavioral switches expect the tag anywhere:

 1. __HIDDENCAT__
 2. __HIDDENCAT<nowiki />__
1.
2. __HIDDENCAT__

Displaying tags

<tags> do not display; they are just markup. If you want them to, insert <nowiki /> after an < opening angle bracket; it goes only in the very front. Opening tags and closing tags must be treated separately.

<span style=color:blue> Blue </span>
<<nowiki />span style=color:blue> Blue <<nowiki />/span>
<section end=la<nowiki />bel /> 

Blue
<span style=color:blue> Blue </span>
bel /> ☒N

Use template {{tag}} instead of nowiki tags to display parser tags:

Character entities, nowiki cannot escape. To escape HTML or special character entities, replace & with &amp;. For example, &amp;lt;&lt;

To display a nowiki tag, you can (1) use {{tag}}, (2) replace the < left angle bracket with its HTML character entity, or (3) nest nowiki tags in each other:

{{ tag | nowiki }}
<code>&lt; nowiki>...&lt;/ nowiki ></code>
<code><<nowiki />nowiki>...<<nowiki />/ nowiki ></code>

< nowiki>...</ nowiki >
< nowiki>...</ nowiki >
< nowiki>...</ nowiki >

{{ tag | nowiki | s }}
<code>&lt; nowiki /></code>
<code><<nowiki /> nowiki /></code>
<code><nowiki>< nowiki /></nowiki></code>

< nowiki />
< nowiki />
< nowiki />
< nowiki />

Nowiki tags do not otherwise nest, so it is the second and fourth that displays:

1<nowiki>2<nowiki>3</nowiki>4</nowiki>
<nowiki>{{!}}<nowiki></nowiki>{{!}}</nowiki>

12<nowiki>34</nowiki>       second and fourth
{{!}}<nowiki>|</nowiki>

These simply scan from left to right. The paired tags cannot overlap, because the very first pair-match nullifies any intervening tags inside. Unbalanced tags always display.

Nowiki tags do not display table markup, use <pre>...</pre>.

Pre

<pre> is a parser tag that emulates the HTML <pre> tag. It defines preformatted text that is displayed in a fixed-width font and is enclosed in a dashed box. HTML and wiki markups are escaped and spaces and line breaks are preserved, but HTML entities are parsed.

<pre> examples
代码 效果
<pre><!--Comment-->

[[wiki]] markup &amp;</pre>
<!--Comment-->

[[wiki]] markup &

<pre> formatted text does not wrap, thus text may extend past the browser window:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

To resolve this, <pre> may use CSS styling to add wrapping or a horizontal scrollbar:

  • Wrapping: <pre style="white-space:-moz-pre-wrap; white-space:-pre-wrap; white-space:-o-pre-wrap; white-space:pre-wrap; word-wrap:break-word;">
  • Scroll bar: <pre style="overflow:auto; width:auto;">

Alternatively, consider using {{pre2}} template or <syntaxhighlight lang="text">……</syntaxhighlight>.

隐藏文字(注解)

It's uncommon – but on occasion acceptable for notes to other editors – to add a hidden comment within the text of an article. These comments are visible only when editing or viewing the source of a page. Most comments should go on the appropriate Talk page. The format is to surround the hidden text with "<!--" and "-->" and may cover several lines, e.g.:

<!-- An example of hidden comments
 This won't be visible except in "edit" mode. -->

Another way to include a comment in the wiki markup uses the {{Void}} template, which can be abbreviated as {{^}}. This template "expands" to the empty string, generating no HTML output; it is visible only to people editing the wiki source. Thus {{^|A lengthy comment here}} operates similarly to the comment <!-- A lengthy comment here -->. The main difference is that the template version can be nested, while attempting to nest HTML comments produces odd results.

变量

源代码 效果 注解
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 39
{{CURRENTDOW}} 1

星期一 = 1、星期二 = 2,依此类推,但星期日 = 0

{{CURRENTMONTH}} 09
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} 9月
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} 9月
{{CURRENTDAY}} 27
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} 星期一
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2021
{{CURRENTTIME}} 22:31
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 1,231,803
{{NUMBEROFPAGES}} 6,749,508
{{NUMBEROFUSERS}} 3,137,152
{{PAGENAME}} Wiki标记语言
{{NAMESPACE}} Help
{{REVISIONID}} -
{{REVISIONUSER}} Mkimbyul.
{{localurl:pagename}} /wiki/Pagename
{{localurl:Wikipedia:Sandbox|action=edit}} /w/index.php?title=Wikipedia:Sandbox&action=edit
{{fullurl:pagename}} //wiki.kfd.me/wiki/Pagename
{{fullurl:pagename|query_string}} //wiki.kfd.me/w/index.php?title=Pagename&query_string
{{SERVER}} //wiki.kfd.me
{{ns:1}} Talk

{{ns:index}},如:{{ns:1}} → 名字空间全名

{{SITENAME}} Wikipedia

{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} is the number of pages in the main namespace that contain a link and are not a redirect. This includes full articles, stubs containing a link, and disambiguation pages.

{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} is the genitive (possessive) grammatical form of the month name, as used in some languages but not in English; {{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} is the nominative (subject) form, as usually seen in English.

In languages where it makes a difference, you can use constructs like {{grammar:case|word}} to convert a word from the nominative case to some other case. For example, {{grammar:genitive|{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}}}} means the same as {{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}}.

HTML

许多HTML标签可用于Wiki标记语言。You can check your HTML by using markup validation.

参见

Information icon.svg 求助

See the 'Coding wiki markup' section of the Help navigation navbox below for additional links.