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帮助:增加开放许可文本至维基百科

维基百科,自由的百科全书
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Book designed by Benny Forsberg from the Noun Project.svg 维基百科可依循两种方式加入文字:
  1. 由维基百科志工使用他们自己的文字,表达已发表来源当中的事实与观点,并写入维基百科当中;
  2. 从与维基百科许可协议兼容的外部来源文本复制到维基百科。

使用合适许可协议的开放许可文本,可增进现有维基百科条目的质量,并能够创建新的条目。

本指南目标

This guide is about importing text that has been previously published with an open license, that is text previously unpublished in Wikimedia projects:

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维基百科接受哪些许可协议?

可接受的条款

维基百科接受以下所列的许可协议,包含:

CC-BY-SA 3 icon 88x31.png 知识共享 署名-相同方式共享(CC BY-SA)1.0、2.0、2.5、3.0版,但不包含4.0版[a]
CC-BY icon.svg 知识共享 署名(CC BY)的所有版本,向上至4.0版
CC-Zero-badge.svg CC0

不能接受的条款

以下这些许可协议不被维基百科接受

CC-BY-SA 3 icon 88x31.png 知识共享 署名-相同方式共享(CC BY-SA)4.0版[a]
CC-BY-ND-icon-88x31.png 署名-禁止演绎
CC-BY-NC-icon-88x31.png 署名-非商业性
CC-BY-NC-SA-icon-88x31.png 署名-非商业性-相同方式共享
CC-BY-NC-ND-icon-88x31.png 署名-非商业性-禁止演绎
GFDL Logo.svg GFDL或任何单一GNU许可协议
About icon (The Noun Project).svg 如果外部来源文本的许可协议与维基百科不兼容,将其引入维基百科会侵犯来源文本的著作权,请您:
  1. 从条目当中移除这些文本与署名,其中您可以将现有条目回退至加入侵权文字之前的状态(请留意不要丢失条目中的任何其他文本),或是提交删除
  2. 将这些来源文本以自己的文字重新撰写,并请避免粗略改写原文英语Wikipedia:Close paraphrasing,这种情形会被视为创作一份派生作品
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查找开放许可文字以放入维基百科

维基百科图书馆内有许多各类广泛主题的开放近用资源。

哪些是良好的外部来源作品?

最佳的开放来源文本包含以下几点,足以纳入维基百科:

  • 文献回顾或调查;
  • 百科全书或三手来源材料;
  • 关于某方面主题或领域中已知相关知识的研究、调查或总结报告。

请尽量避免以下几类文本:

  • Are secondary sources, or sections within sources which focus on the author's analysis or conclusions.
  • Focuses on novel or unusual opinions about a topic; remember Wikipedia is about focusing on established, shared knowledge about topics.
  • Principally focus on persuasion or argumentation; thought sections of the work may appear neutral in tone, Wikimedia tries to include balance as well as neutrality and sources focused on persuasion frequently omit contrary perspectives.

Help:Adding open license text to Wikipedia/creating articles

Help:Adding open license text to Wikipedia/how to

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Measuring reach

Tools are available to measure the number of page views Wikipedia articles receive that use text from a range of external sources e.g a website, a section of a website, a specific URL or a publication:

A small number of articles

To measure the page views for a small number of Wikipedia pages where it is known text from a source has been used simply use the Pageviews tool and enter the names of the articles into the Pages field (you can click on the x next to the name of an article to remove it from the graph).

A larger number of articles

To measure page views of all articles using text from a source use the Massviews Analysis Tool:

  1. Open the Massviews Analysis Tool.
  2. Chose the Dates you would like to measure.
  3. Change the Source to Search.
  4. Set the site to wiki.kfd.me/_en.
  5. Depending on whether you want results from one source or multiple sources:
    1. One source: In the search field add hastemplate:"Free-content attribution" insource:"NAMEOFSOURCE" (including the quote marks), replacing NAMEOFSOURCE with the source you are searching for. E.g if you would like to measure the page views of articles that reuse text from UNESCO enter hastemplate:"Free-content attribution" insource:"unesco.org" which will return this result.
    2. Multiple sources: In the search field add hastemplate:"Free-content_attribution"_insource:/SOURCE1|SOURCE2|SOURCE3/ (including the quote marks), replacing SOURCE1, SOURCE2 and SOURCE3 with the sources you would like to search for. You may search for as many sources as you want, simply continue to separate each query with a | symbol. The only limitations are that the SOURCE cannot include a / symbol (searching for web addresses can be done by finding a unique part of the URL and searching for that) and the queries are limited to 300 characters. For example if you would like to measure the page views of articles that reuse text from a series of UNESCO PDFs (using only name of the PDF rather than the whole URL) enter hastemplate:"Free-content_attribution" insource:/244756e.pdf|232555e.pdf/ which will return this result.
  6. Click Submit, to receive your results, you should receive a page that looks like this example showing text used on English languages Wikipedia from UNESCO.
  7. The data can be viewed as either a list or a chart and can be downloaded as either a csv or json file, you can also create a permalink (permanent link) to easily access the results again. If you want to set up a URL to a query that will always return results for the past 30 days, simply select last month in the date selection options.
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分享您的内容至维基百科

Wikipedia is one of the most visited websites in the world and receives over 15 billion page views per month. If you would like to make text or any other content available on Wikipedia you can learn how to license and label your work (website, publication etc) on the Creative Commons website here, the licenses Wikipedia accepts are listed above.

To help people learn about text you have made available under an open license, you can contact a Wikiproject that works on that subject or your local Wikimedia organisation. They will help to get it reused. If you have a specific article in mind that could use the text you can write on the article talk page. To contact a Wikiproject or writing on an article talk page:

  1. Create an account
  2. Select the relevant article. Click on a talk page. (located at the top of any Wikipedia article)
  3. Click New Section
  4. Write a message to give details about the text, then provide a link to the web address where it may be found.

Tools are available to measure reuse and reach of your content and are described above.

备注

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 知识共享 署名-相同方式共享(CC BY-SA)4.0版可用于图像、视频、音频、3D文件与其他非文本多媒体;这些内容通常应当上传至维基共享资源