维基百科:顶注

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(重定向自Wikipedia:Hatnote
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顶注(Hatnote,或称页首注脚)是置于页面顶部的简短注解,通常用来提供相似名称主题或消歧义页面的连结。

更多关于编写消歧义项目的办法,参见Wikipedia:消歧义

格式

大多数情况下,顶注应尽量使用标准消歧义模板(如下列所示)建立。这使注解形式和结构能够随时间一致地变化。使用模板时,水平分隔线不需放置在某个注解,或注解列表最末项的下方。

概括与否

有些顶注消歧义模板包括一段该条目主题的摘要,某些模板没有。例如在en:Honey条目,可以使用模板 {{about}}

关于“大号”的其他意思,详见“大号 (消歧义)”。

For other uses of the term, see Honey (disambiguation).

这两种风格都是可接受的,在条目使用哪种风格取决于编者的选择,以及对读者来说是否更为清晰而容易。当条目已有顶注存在,除非有更好的理由否则应该避免改变成其他风格。

位置

顶注应该置于条目的最顶端,优先于其他任何物件如图像、导航模板、维护模板(像是清理、无来源、中立性)等。它们依序地呈现在纯文字浏览器及显示器的阅读者面前。若读者遭遇到错误页面,通常他们希望知道的是最早显示出的讯息。

适当使用的范例

相似标题的两个项目

This article is about the village in England. For H. P. Lovecraft's fictional town, see Dunwich (Lovecraft).

Dunwich (pronounced Dun-Itch) is a town in the county of Suffolk in England, the remnant of what was once a prosperous seaport and centre of the wool trade during the early middle ages, with a natural harbour formed by the mouths of the River Blyth...

当两个项目拥有相同的标题,一个已消歧义、另一个尚未消歧,未消歧义的项目应该包含一个顶注及通往另一个项目的连结。这时候不需要建立单独的消歧义页面。{{about}}模板可能适用此例。在这个例子里源代码为 {{about|the village in England|H. P. Lovecraft's fictional town|Dunwich (Lovecraft)}}.

连结至消歧义页

关于“小甜甜”的其他意思,详见“小甜甜 (消歧义)”。

小甜甜》是日本儿童文学作家水木杏子名木田惠子)原作,漫画家五十岚优美子作画的少女漫画作品,亦为以同漫画改编的电视动画主题歌。


For other uses, see Monolith (disambiguation).

A monolith is a monument or natural feature such as a mountain, consisting of a single massive stone or rock. Erosion usually exposes these formations...

当用语有一个主要的含义,和两个或更多的意涵,主要题目页面的顶注应该连结至消歧义页。 {{otheruses}} 模板可能适用此例。

在许多情况下,顶注还包括一段该条目的简短介绍,以方便读者:

本文介绍的是关于希腊神话的迷宫。关于其他用法,详见“迷宫 (消歧义)”。

迷宫希腊神话中是一座精心制作的建筑物,由名匠代达罗斯克里特岛的国王米诺斯所设计,建造于克诺索斯。这座迷宫用来囚禁米诺斯的儿子……


This article is about the mazelike labyrinth from Greek mythology. For other uses, see Labyrinth (disambiguation).

In Greek mythology, the Labyrinth was an elaborate maze-like structure constructed for King Minos of Crete and designed by the legendary artificer Daedalus to hold the Minotaur...

{{about}} 模板可能适用此例。在这种情况下,参数为{{about|关于希腊神话的迷宫}}

由暧昧用语重定向至清晰名称的项目

当有清楚名称的条目重定向自含糊用语,{{redirect}}或相关模板能够应用于此:

拿破仑一世


维基百科,自由的百科全书
(重定向自拿破仑

拿破仑”重定向至此。关于其他同名人物或拿破仑的其他意思,详见“拿破仑 (消歧义)”。

拿破仑·波拿巴Napoléon Bonaparte,1769年8月15日-1821年5月5日),即拿破仑一世Napoléon Ier),出生于科西嘉岛法国军事家政治家法兰西第一共和国第一执政(1799年1804年)……

Johann Sebastian Bach


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Bach)

"Bach" redirects here. For other uses, see Bach (disambiguation).

Johann Sebastian Bach (发音为/joˈhan/ˈjoːhan zeˈbastjan ˈbax/) (March 21, 1685 O.S.July 28, 1750 N.S.) was a prolific German composer...

不适当使用的范例

杂学、字义、俚语

注解一个琐细项目、术语用法,或连结至特定偏颇的要素,是不正当的。以下范例不适合在主条目名称页面编写消歧义:

经济,意思是

  • 经世济民,表示治理世事,使富裕民生。
  • 经济 (经济学),指一定范围(国家、区域)内,组织一切生产、分配、流通和消费活动与关系的系统之总称。
  • 用较少的付出获得较大的成效。

路人,意思是


上空可以指:

  • 上空或称无上装,女性乳房无遮蔽物的状态。
  • 反向于地面,上方的天空
  • 自己头顶上的一带(但一般低于云层),别人或外物越过这个范围就会失去安全感或感到骚扰。与天空略有不同。

尺度可以指:

  • 尺度,处事或看待事物的标准
  • 尺度 (天气),天气系统的大小及持续时间

包袱可以指:

  • 包袱,出行时用布裹成的行囊,后借指负担。
  • 包袱 (相声),一种相声表演方式。

大号可以指:

  • 大号,一种低音铜管乐器,这种乐器是体积最大、音域最低的铜管乐器,在管弦乐队、管乐队中经常使用。
  • 大号亦可指某种物件在尺寸、重量、体积或容量上很大。
  • 正式名称,同“大名”,和“小名”相对。
  • 中国某些地方,大号指厕所
  • 某些地区称大便

Investment,意思是

  1. 对垒壕沟包围城镇或堡垒,见攻城战
  2. 金融经济学密切相关,有数种意思的术语。以下详述

期盼未来能够获得利益,累积某种财富

During a siege, to invest a town or fortress means to surround it with a contravallation and a circumvallation.

Investment is a term with several closely related meanings in finance and economics. It refers to the accumulation of some kind of asset in hopes of getting a future return from it...

更多不良范例:小波吹牛处决庶子

在这种情况下,没有直接消歧义,而列出的注解必然非大多数读者的兴趣。适当的消歧义只需要连接到一个单独的页面——杜松 (消歧义)大号 (消歧义)天花 (消歧义)大陆 (消歧义)en:Invest (disambiguation)

关于主题的合理信息

A previous version of the Aisha article showed:

Ayesha is sometimes used as a woman's name. Once popular only among Muslims, it was briefly popular among English-speakers after it appeared in the book She by Rider Haggard.

Aisha or Ayesha (Arabic عائشه `ā'isha = "she who lives") was a wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad...

This is a typical and highly improper misuse of disambiguating hatnotes. Instead, the information belongs in the body of the article, or in the articles about the book, or in a separate article about names, or all three places. Hatnotes are meant to reduce confusion and direct readers to another article they might have been looking for, not for information about the subject of the article itself.

连结至与主题高度相关的项目

This article is about the scientific study of extraterrestrial life; for treatment in popular culture, see Extraterrestrial life in popular culture.

Extraterrestrial life is life that may exist and originate outside the planet Earth. Its existence is currently hypothetical: there is as yet no evidence of extraterrestrial life that has been widely accepted by scientists...

Instead of using a hatnote, it is better to summarize Extraterrestrial life in popular culture under a subsection of Extraterrestrial life in conjunction with the {{main}} template. Alternatively, it could be linked to in the See also section.

并非暧昧的清晰项目名称

Tree (set theory)


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For other uses, see Tree (disambiguation).

In set theory, a tree is a partially ordered set (poset) in which there is a single unique minimal element (called the root) and in which the set of elements less than a given element is well ordered...

Here, the problem is that a reader following links within Wikipedia or using Wikipedia's own search engine would not have ended up at tree (set theory) if they were interested in other types of trees, as tree does not redirect there.

However, a hatnote may still be appropriate when even a more specific name is still ambiguous. For example, Matt Smith (comics) might still be confused for the comics illustrator Matt Smith (illustrator).

A hatnote may also be appropriate in an unambiguously named article when an ambiguous term redirects to it, as explained in the "Proper uses" section above.

多余连结

One should not link terms other than the desired target in the hatnote. For example:

WTIX (980 AM) is a radio station broadcasting a Sports radio format.

In this case, the link to New Orleans, Louisiana in the hatnote is inappropriate. Only the possible other destination (WIST (AM)) should be linked.

外部链接

A previous version of the Hurricane Katrina article contained:

If you are trying to locate someone missing in Hurricane Katrina, or register yourself as found, you can use the site www.disastersearch.org [1]

Hurricane Katrina, which made landfall near New Orleans, Louisiana, on August 29, 2005, was one of the most destructive and expensive tropical cyclones to hit the United States...

The use of external help links in Wikipedia, though noble, cannot reasonably be maintained. In special cases, a link to an "External links" section with several links may be appropriate, but POV favoritism can be obstructive. In this case, the hatnote was removed entirely.

不存在的项目

顶注应避免用于不存在的条目,注解的目的是指示用户到另一个他们可能有意探求的项目。例外情况是如果要立即创建所连结的条目的文章。在这种情况下,考虑先创建新条目,再挽救附加的顶注。

在创建新模板之前...

这些模板在数以千计的条目中使用。因此,更改此模板的语法有可能造成数以千计的条目被破坏。如果你需要创建或编辑一个消歧义或重定向模板,请先问问自己以下几个问题:

  1. 是否已经有模板能够达成这些功能?由于已经有许多消歧义和重定向页面被创建,请先检查分类:消歧义模板分类:重定向模板
  2. 我真的需要用模板来实现这个功能吗?它是否会用在其他页面上?或者我只应该用{{Hatnote}}就够了?在创建新的模板前,请参考Wikipedia:模板名字空间Help:模板中的相关说明。
  3. 如果我修改了现有模板的参数,我知道结果是什么吗?它是否会破坏现有的模板调用?如果破坏了,我能不能全都修好?在更改模板之前,请先参阅Wikipedia:模板的沙盒和测试样例